Solid Wood

About Solid Wood Floors

Hardwood flooring combines the best our nature has to offer. It’s rich tones and natural feel will compliment any interior and add value to your home or office. Even in a rugged state hardwood still doesn’t lose its appeal. It’s beautiful to look at and pleasant to walk on. Every board comes with a unique pattern that was handcrafted by the mother nature itself making solid hardwood one of the most diverse flooring material out there. It’s a piece of the outdoor in your home that you can enjoy from your couch. It’s simple yet sophisticated look fits well with classical as well as more bold and colourful design choices. Besides the variety of materials, patterns and shapes, solid hardwood is also known for its durability. It’s the only wood floor that can be resanded and refinished not just once but several times. If you are looking for a flooring material that will look gorgeous in any environment and add value to your home, solid hardwood is your winner.

How solid hardwood floors are made

Hardwood floors are made straight from trees so there isn’t an extensive manufacturing process involved. Fortunately, the days of unsolicited tree cutting that used to have the long term consequences on the nation’s forests rare in the past. Today the hardwood forests used to produce flooring products grow more than twice as fast as they are being harvested.
Here are the steps hardwood goes through before ending up on your living room floor.

Cutting

Once the trees are cut into logs their future purpose is determined by their quality.

Only trees with the tightest grain and few knots are used for flooring purposes.
The chosen logs are cut into rough planks.  The cutting method can influence the stability of a plank and even the price for which it’s going to  be sold. is done following one of the three possible methods:
There are three ways to cut logs into planks:

  • Flat or Plain Sawn
    This is the most widely used method to cut wood. Cutting parallel through the log, plain sawn wood boards are wider and when milled into planks leave behind minimum waste.
  • Quarter Sawn
    Logs are sawn at a radial angle into four quarters and then in the strips. Planks made from quarter sawn wood are more stable and less likely to cup.
  • Rift Sawn
    Logs are cut at a different angle than when using quarter sawn method. It’s mostly used with oak to avoid flecks that are common in this type of wood. This cutting method is more expensive than the other two but the product ends up to be more stable.

Planing

No matter what cutting method is used, once the log is reduced into boards there are saw marks that need to smoothen down. To do so the boards are planed on all four sides. This removes any impurities from all surfaces and levels the plank.

Profiling

The next step is to cut tongue and groove edges. In the case of unfinished floors, this is the last modification boards go through before being shipped to the marketplace. The tongue and edges construction makes hardwood floors easier to install. The boards fit together tightly but there is still leaving enough room for them to expand and contract depending on the time of the year and the humidity levels in the air. expansion and contraction.These changes in the board’s size can occur without creating gaps between planks in the installed floor.

Scraping

Some floors are to have a certain appearance, so the planks may go through a distressing process to make them look older and worn out. This new look can be achieved either by hand (hand scraping or hand sculpting) or by a machine (wire brushing).

Sealing

Several coats of finish are applied to the wear surface of the plank for protection purposes. This can be done either before delivering the floor or marketplace (pre-finished floors) or after they are already installed. Pre-finished floors are great for people who like to install their floors themselves without any professional help, however sealing floors with the finish after installation gives them a more uniform look and makes them more impenetrable to moisture.

How to care for solid hardwood floors

Solid hardwood floors are especially favoured for their longevity. The possibility to be sanded and refinished multiple times is a definite advantage over any other type of floor out there. However, even with it’s superpowers hardwood still needs a loving hand now and then.
The good news is that caring for your hardwood floor is as easy as it gets. Here are some tips:

Walk-off mats are welcome
It’s not a huge effort but walk off mats can extend the shiny look of your hardwood floor by decades. They keep the dirt away from the surface.
Use the right cleaners
All cleaners do isn’t just clean. Some of them can actually damage your floors. Don’t assume that any household cleaner is safe for your hardwood floors, instead follow the manufacturer’s instructions or consult a flooring specialist. Never use abrasive cleaners, soaps or solvents on your vinyl floor.
Avoid wax
Wax is used to provide extra protection for some floors. Only use wax if your floor has a wax finish. If you are not sure what kind of floor you have, consult a flooring specialist or further care tips.
Clean your floors regularly
Vacuuming or sweeping make sure you make it a habit. When you clean your hardwood floors, the frequency is more important than the intensity.
Use a small amount of cleaner
Using too much cleaner, even if it’s the right kind, can also damage your hardwood floor. For the best (and safest) result apply just a small amount of cleaner with a terry cloth head mop. If you are dealing with stubborn stains like chewing gum or candle wax you can use a credit card to carefully scrape the built up.
Wipe up spills right aways
Solid hardwood floor are sensitive even to the changes in humidity levels, imagine how much damage direct contact to liquids can do to them. If you don’t want your floor to warp or cup, act fast.
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